Principles of an integrated approach to improving the efficiency of RES use for low-power decentralized consumers

Ruslan Akhambayev, Saulesh Minazhova, Amangeldy Bekbayev, Assel Zhumatova, Dinara Ussipbekova

    Increasing the efficiency of renewable energy use is an important priority as more and more people are now showing
    interest in sustainable and clean energy sources. An integrated approach aimed at enhancing the efficiency of utilizing
    renewable energy sources for small-scale decentralized consumers is particularly pertinent. This article aims to explore and
    establish the principles of an integrated approach suitable for enhancing the efficiency of renewable energy utilization among
    small-scale, decentralized consumers. Among the methods used, it should be noted the analytical method, the classification
    method, the functional method, the statistical method, the synthesis method. Kazakhstan is actively promoting the development
    of renewable energy. The presence of institutional frameworks, including development initiatives, legal provisions, and
    supportive measures for the renewable energy sector, has contributed to the expansion of installed capacity in renewable energy
    stations. The installed capacity of wind farms is particularly high, and it is estimated that they produce much more energy than
    solar farms. This is due to the spatial distribution of these renewable energy sources. The amount of available solar and wind
    energy varies significantly in different regions of Kazakhstan (from 5 to 90%). Wind farms have the potential to meet a
    significant portion or even all the electricity demand in each region. Solar energy is less probable and may only serve as a
    supplementary energy source; however, the Kyzylorda, North Kazakhstan, and Zhambyl regions exhibit the most substantial
    potential for energy supply derived from renewable energy sources (RES). The outcomes of the economic evaluation
    demonstrate that electricity generated from wind and solar sources is cost-effective. The practical significance of this research
    lies in offering valuable scientific insights and recommendations that aid in developing and implementing an integrated
    approach to enhance the efficiency of renewable energy utilization among small-scale decentralized consumers. This
    contributes to sustainable development goals and reduces reliance on conventional energy sources.